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» J’étais enceinte. Les lèvres de Marc se posèrent autour de mon nombril avec une délicatesse inhabituelle, tandis que ses mains massaient mes seins gonflés. Avait-il remarqué les modifications de mon corps ? Avait-il décelé dans mes yeux la lueur annonciatrice de la panique ? Je ne le crois pas : Marc était un peu idiot… » Si elle choisit d’avorter, c’est de son existence que Marie risque de s’expulser malgré elle. De sa famille qu’elle méconnaît, de sa relation amoureuse qui n’a pas encore montré son vrai visage, de son milieu professionnel où les réactions ne seront peut-être pas celles qu’elle attend, voire d’une part intime d’elle-même. Ce roman lumineux, loin de nous livrer un énième témoignage pour ou contre l’avortement, noue autour d’un tabou contemporain une intrigue implacable. Une haute tragédie qui met à nu le conflit entre l’intime et le social, entre pulsion de vie et pulsion de mort, dont la narratrice ne pourra sortir que métamorphosée.
This article relies too much on references to primary sources. The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. Expulsion, or permanent exclusion, refers to the removal or banning of a student from a school system or university due to persistent violation of that institution’s rules, or in extreme cases, for a single offense of marked severity. The alleged practice of pressuring parents to voluntarily withdraw their child from an educational institution is a comparable exercise. Schools on special measures may refuse to admit a student who has been expelled from only one school. Therefore, a student who has been expelled from two schools might be totally removed from the state education system.
The exclusion of pupils is governed by the Education Act 2002. The Secretary of State’s guidance states that exclusion is a serious step. In practice, a student can usually be subject to permanent exclusion for a total of five disciplinary breaches, for which the student does not have to receive formal ‘warnings’. Depending on his or her offence, a child can be excluded from the school system within any range of time after his or her misdeed. A headteacher might kick a pupil out for a first or one-off incident of appropriate severity. If a student has a history of breaking other school rules, that too could result in expulsion.
In these cases, expulsion is used as a last resort if the student’s behaviour has not improved. Pupils who have done nothing wrong to merit expulsion are sometimes expelled if the school does not expect them to achieve sufficiently high grades in external examinations. This illegal policy seriously harms the life chances of young people. Since many violent students often rebel against school rules, some head teachers may choose to expel a student who has performed an act of violence against another pupil for persistent defiance rather than violence. This is in order to protect the victim from being assaulted again as revenge for the excluded student’s expulsion. The pupil and his or her parents can appeal to the school governors against the expulsion.
The parents of an excluded pupil are entitled to appeal against expulsion or an exclusion exceeding five days to a panel of school governors acting as a court. The appeal must occur no sooner than six days after and no more than 15 days after the exclusion begins. The panel considers oral, written, or physical evidence from the school detailing the case for expulsion, and from the parents of the excluded pupil. If the appeal to the governors is unsuccessful, an expelled or excluded student and his or her parents may go to an appeals board. This panel, which is appointed by the local education authority, must be autonomous of the authority, the school, and the parents of the excluded student. The majority of the appeals that these panels hear are not against exclusions, but are for the admission of pupils into schools.