Office of the Chief Records Records PDF for the U. This page was last reviewed on February 6, 2019.
Contact us with questions or comments. Electronic Records Management Automation: PRMD Goal A3. This article needs additional citations for verification. American record label owned by Sony Music, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America. For the label’s history before 1929, see Victor Talking Machine Company. Besides manufacturing records for themselves, RCA Victor operated RCA Custom which was the leading record manufacturer for independent record labels. RCA sold its interest in EMI in 1935, but EMI continued to distribute RCA Victor recordings in the UK and its territories on the HMV label until the late 1950s.
RCA also manufactured and distributed HMV recordings on the RCA Victor and custom HMV labels in North America. During World War II, ties between RCA Victor and its Japanese affiliate JVC were severed. His Master’s Voice trademark for use in Japan. From 1942 to 1944, RCA Victor was seriously impacted by the American Federation of Musicians recording ban. Virtually all union musicians in the US and Canada were forbidden from making recordings during the period. Standard RCA Victor 78 RPM label design from the end of World War II until 1954.
In 1949, RCA Victor introduced the 7-inch 45 rpm micro-grooved vinylite record, marketed simply as a « 45 ». RCA Victor marketed the 45 as a direct replacement for 10-inch and 12-inch 78 rpm records, which typically played for about three and four minutes per side respectively. Finally acknowledging the success of Columbia’s LP format and fearful of losing further market share, RCA Victor began issuing LPs itself. In the 1950s, RCA Victor had three subsidiary or specialty labels: Groove, Vik and « X ». The April 11, 1953 edition of Billboard magazine announced a new RCA Victor subsidiary label, its first to use independent distribution and was nameless when it was first revealed.